The objectives of AFJROTC are to educate and train cadets in citizenship and life skills; promote community service; instill a sense of responsibility; and develop character and self-discipline through education and instruction in air and space fundamentals and the Air Force's core values of "Integrity First, Service Before Self and Excellence In All We Do."
AFJROTC provides leadership training and an aerospace science program for high school students. Secondary school students who enroll in the AFJROTC program are offered a wide variety of curricular and extra-curricular activities. The program explores the historic and scientific aspects of aerospace technology and teaches students self-reliance, self-discipline and other characteristics found in good leaders. The program is open to 9th-12th grade students. The program is not a recruiting tool for the military services and those students who participate in AFJROTC do not incur any obligation to the Air Force.
Aerospace Science comprises 40 percent of the curriculum, 40 percent Leadership Education, and 20 percent Health and Wellness for Life training. All students who successfully complete AFJROTC classes are granted credit toward graduation. Classroom study includes the heritage of flight, principles of aircraft flight and navigation, human requirements of flight, development of aerospace power, aerospace vehicles, rocketry, space programs, space technology and the aerospace industry. Students are also introduced to military customs and courtesies, citizenship in the United States, first aid, wellness, health and fitness, basic drill and ceremonies, effective communications, management, human relations and life after high school. All uniforms and curriculum materials are provided by the Air Force. Supplemental materials are provided to enhance the curriculum.
To reinforce what is learned in the classroom, cadets participate in many outside activities such as field trips to military bases, aerospace facilities and industries, museums, civilian airports and other areas related to aerospace education.
Cadets also participate in parades, summer leadership schools, drill team competitions, color and honor guards, military balls and honorary academic groups. Many AFJROTC units complement the curriculum through the cooperation and resources of organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Civil Air Patrol and the National Endowment for Financial Education.
All AFJROTC instructors are retired Air Force commissioned and noncommissioned officers. They are required to possess a minimum of a Bachelors Degree. The instructors at Esperanza High School exceed these standards. The instructors maintain Air Force standards and are trained through the AFJROTC Academic Instructor Course. They are full-time faculty members of the participating high school and are employed by the local school board to teach AFJROTC classes. There are more than 1,930 instructors serving in the 866 units around the world.